Annotated Bibliography on Structural Racism Present in the U.S. Food System: Fifth Edition

This annotated bibliography provides current research and outreach on structural racism in the U.S. food system for the food system practitioner, researcher, and educator. Structural racism in the United States has been defined as the “normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics—historical, cultural, institutional, and interpersonal—that routinely advantage whites while producing cumulative and chronic outcomes for people of color.”

This resources identifies literature that links the social construction of whiteness and its intentional or consequential impact on structural racism within the United States’ local food movement. It is focused on recent peer-reviewed and gray literature* materials that are national, regional, and local in scope that included significant references. The fifth edition contains 9 videos and 47 new citations.

A Zotero group library for the references cited in this document is available at:

 Zotero is a free software that lets users easily save, manage, and cite sources. You can create an online account at or download the free desktop application, which allows you to sync with the group library and save documents to your computer.

This publication is authored by:

  • Anel Guel, Former Graduate Student, MSU Department of Community Sustainability 
  • Jane Henderson, 2016 Summer Research Opportunities Program Intern at MSU
  • Rachel Kelly, Program Coordinator, MSU Center for Regional Food Systems, Department of Community Sustainability
  • Emmetra Nelson, Undergraduate Researcher, MSU Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Education
  • Rich Pirog, Director, MSU Center for Regional Food Systems, Department of Community Sustainability
  • Kelsey Watson, Undergraduate Student, MSU Environmental Studies and Sustainability
  • Kyeesha Wilcox, 2017 Summer Research Opportunities Program Intern, Middle Tennessee State University
  • Taylor Wimberg, Former Graduate Student, MSU Department of Community Sustainability

To share feedback or suggest a resource for the next edition of this publication, please contact Rich Pirog at

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It's a great free software to save, manage, and cite sources.

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Another glaring aspect of systemic racism within the food system is the lack of access to healthy foods that affects people of color to a far greater degree. According to the nonprofit Food Trust, Black families are 2.5 times and Latinx families are 1.4 times more likely than white families to live in neighborhoods without access to a full-service grocery store.  - triplepundit, Frey | floor cleaning services Elk Grove